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Número de publicaçãoUS268693 A
Tipo de publicaçãoConcessão
Data de publicação5 Dez 1882
Data de apresentação2 Set 1882
Número de publicaçãoUS 268693 A, US 268693A, US-A-268693, US268693 A, US268693A
InventoresJohn G. Krichbaum
Beneficiário OriginalF One
Exportar citaçãoBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Links Externos: USPTO, Atribuição na USPTO, Espacenet
US 268693 A
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(N0 Model.)


Patented Deo. l5, 1882.




SPECIFICATION forming part of 'Letters Patent No. 268,693, dated December 5, v1885?..

Application filed September 2, 1882.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I," JOHN G. KEIOHBAUM, of Youngstown, in the county of Mahoning and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Devices for Indicating Life in Buried Persons; and [do hereby declare that the following` is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it apperrains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, and in which- Figure l is a longitudinal vertical section of a grave provided with my device for indicating life in buried persons. Fig. 2 is a crosssection of the same, and Fig. 3 is a perspective detail view of the device proper.

4Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all. the figures.

My invention has relation to that class o devices for indicating life in persons buried under doubt of being in a trance in which connection is obtained between the person in the grave and an indicator on the ground over the grave through a casing or tube leading from the surface of the ground down to the coffin; and it consists in the improved construction, cornbination, and arrangement of parts of the same, as hereinafter.` more fully described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawings, the letter A representsa coffin or burial-casket, of any desired shape, with a body in it. In the lid of the coffin is a bushing, c, through which passes a T-shaped pipe, B, having a cross-pin, b, in the upper end, and the branches of which rest on the body near its hands. The cross-pin b. passes into a longitudinal slot, c, of a pipe, C, which fits into the upper end of the pipe B. By means of a set-screw,d, a sleeve, D, is adjustably'astened to the upperend of thetube G. This sleeve is provided with a catch, f', which clasps the lianged collar f of the neck of a cylin` drical box, F, fastened above the grave, and

. provided with a anged cover, E, which freely turns on the upper edge of the box F. In the (No model.)

center of cover E is a circular aperture, c, to which is fitted a tube, G, whose lower slotted end engages a cross-pin, g, in the upper end 5o Yof sleeve D. To the flange of cover E is fastened an index, h, which points to a marked scale, H, on the side of box F, which is fastened on a wooden box extending from the co-t'- n to the surface of thegrave.

' It will be seen that if the person buried should come to life a motion of his hands will turn the branches of theT-shaped pipe B, upon or near which his hands are placed, and by each of the different pipes being connected by 6o having the cross-pin in its upper end engaging the slot in the lower end of the one above, the cover E will turn and the index will show on the scale that it has been turned. If the person then should turn in the coffin or make 'any more violent motion, he will push the pipe B upwardand push the cover OE the top ot the box. The catch f on the sleeve D will be pushed over the flanged collar f and 'hold it up, so that nobody from the outside can press 7o the cover down again. A supply of air sufficient for allowing thel person in the coin to I breathe freely enters the coffin through the pipes and will keep him alive till help arrives.

To keep rain or other water from entering 7 5 through the pipe the box and cover above the grave may be coveredby a glass casing, so that the index still remains in full view of p'ersons passing. When the person has been buried a sufficiently long time to insure the 8o certainty of death the apparatus may be removed by lifting box F and tubes D and U out ofthe outside casing, leavin g the TI shaped tube B in the coffin, the slot in the lower end of tube C allowing it to be withdrawn from its position on the crosspiu b, whereupon the hole inside the outer casing may be covered or filled with earth and the surface leveled, and the device, or the parts left of the device, used upon another grave. o Having thus described my invention, I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States` In a device for indicating life in buried per- 26eme sons, the T-shaped pipe B, tube C, having In testilnonythatclemthe foregoingas my sleeve D,provided with a cat-ch,f,box F, havown I have hereunto affixed my signature in ing flanged collarf, and anged cover E, havpresence of two witnesses. ingndexh,m1d provided With downward-lorolJOHN G.' KRIGHBAUM.

5 jecting tube G, constructed and combined snb- Vitnesses:

stantially es and for the purpose herein shown THos. H. WHITESIDE, and described. M. H. BURKY.

Classificação CooperativaA61G17/00